how to get rid of fleas

My cat has fleas!

ughh, what should I do? Please tell me how to get rid of fleas.

Having cats in your house makes flea infestation possible: on your cat, and then in your home. And Fleas are annoying for both cat and human. A few fleas can quickly multiply very quickly – one female flea can lay up to 50 eggs a day, which can fall off your cat inside your home. The eggs develop into larvae, which then form cocoons.
The flea hatches when it senses heat, vibrations or exhaled carbon dioxide, signaling that an animal is nearby. Then they jump onto the host and the cycle continues.
Flea infestation is not inevitable, but here’s some suggestion to help avoid having them jump on your cat and be transported into your house.

flea

Ctenocephalides felis, cat flea

Chemical flea treatments like collars, powders and other products can be dangerous, because they may contain toxic pesticides, which is not good for your cat and especially kids and pregnant women who have contact with treated cats. Applying too much topical flea product to your cat, or mixing up a dog flea preventive can be deadly if used on your cat. Even when applied properly, serious side effects can occur: skin irritation, neurological problems, gastrointestinal disorders and organ failure.

But there are other alternatives, natural ones.
A safe option is apple cider vinegar: most households already have it, and it’s cheaper and non-toxic.

Apple cider vinegar

organic apple cider vinegar
photo by shari smith dunaif © 2016

Apple cider vinegar doesn’t kill fleas, but it may repel them because fleas dislike the smell and taste.

One of the simplest ways to use it is to make your own solution

  • equal parts apple cider vinegar and water.
  • Add the mixture to a spray bottle and spritz it on your pet before he heads outdoors
  • spray cat’s bedding.
  • Create a stronger anti-flea solution by adding aromatic oils that are safe for cats. Try:
    Geranium, lemongrass, lavender, neem and catnip oil
  • If you bathe your cat, use that opportunity to add diluted apple cider vinegar to pour over your cat (roughly 1 cup of vinegar to 1 gallon of water).

Fleas also dislike citrus, so you can use that instead of vinegar.

  • Sprinkle fresh-squeezed lemon, orange or grapefruit juice on your cat’s fur, being very careful to avoid her eyes (be aware, that lemon juice can lighten dark fur).
  • After bathing your cat, add 1 cup of lemon juice to 1 gallon of rinse water and pour over your clean kitty, carefully avoid head, massage into coat and towel dry.

Fleas are attracted to unhealthy cas, so keep your guy healthy – it will make him less of a target. Feed your cat a balanced, protein rich, cat appropriate diet. By the way,  tap water has fluoride and chlorine, chemicals that can have a negative affect your cat’s immune health. Some medications and vaccinations can compromise your cat’s immune system – talk to your vet.

For outdoor cats, be careful with environmental chemicals (like pesticides and lawn chemicals) because these can be detrimental to your cat. Tall grass, weeds and wood stacked against your house are inviting to both fleas and  frolicking cats.

cat comb

cat comb
photo by shari smith dunaif © 2015

Brushing your cat is a good way to check for fleas. If you do find them on your cat, don’t freak out, instead do the following:

  1. Put your cat on a light-colored towel, take a comb and dip it into soapy water and run it thru your cat’s fur
  2. repeat until the fleas stop dropping onto the towel (oh, so that’s why the towel should be light colored: – so you can see them!)
  3. it’s also a good time to add apple cider vinegar to the soapy water solution you’re dipping the comb in.

You may need to do this for several days.
In your house, frequent vacuuming of floors and furniture; plus washing your cat’s bedding, frequently, and your own sheets, linens, throw rugs and blankets will help make your home uninviting to fleas.

Fleas can transmit tapeworms, cause cat scratch disease and may even cause severe cases of anemia, especially in young animals.

white nose ARF cat

“Thank god I don’t have fleas!” photo by shari smith dunaif © 2016

Keeping your home and cats free of fleas makes everyone in your family much happier.

 


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cat comforts veterans

Tom the cat comforts veterans

This is a bittersweet story.
Meet Tom. He lives at the VA Hospital in Salem, Virginia.  His job is to comfort patients, often visiting terminally ill veterans. Apparently, he’s very good at it.

Tom the cat at vet hospital

PHOTO BY MARIAN MCCONNELL, SALEM VA

story originally by Tom Cramer, VA Staff Writer, November, 2014

     Laura Hart, a physician assistant who works on the hospice unit at the Salem VA Medical Center, said “Tom has known what to do since the first day he was here. I think there’s a little person inside him.”
Hart said family members visiting a dying Veteran do a lot of watching and waiting, so it can be a welcome diversion when a cat wanders in to visit or simply take a snooze.  “Having a cat in the room will take your mind off what’s going on. He’ll do something silly – he’ll jump in the air or something and everyone will laugh. It breaks the tension.” She has also noticed that “When the family leaves for the day and the cat’s still on the Veteran’s bed, it gives them some comfort,” Hart explained. “They don’t feel so bad about leaving. They’re sort of like, ‘OK, Tom’s here. It’s OK if I leave now.’ It makes them feel better.”

Edwin Gehlert and VA cat

Tom with Edwin Gehlert.

Surrounded by his family, World War II Veteran Edwin Gehlert lay quietly dying in a VA hospice unit in Salem, Virginia.
He took a few final, shallow breaths.
At that moment, Tom jumped onto his bed, curled up beside him and placed a furry orange paw in the Army Veteran’s open hand.
“That cat took him right to heaven,” said Elizabeth Gehlert, the Veteran’s wife of 68 years. “It was a beautiful passing and that cat is the one who made it happen.”
Vet’s daughter, Pamela Thompson, described the orange tabby as her lifeline “I kept telling daddy to let go, to go towards the light,” she said. “When Tom put his paw in daddy’s hand, it was like God was telling me he had ahold of my dad and that everything was OK. That’s how I felt. I felt a peace come over me.”

cat comforts dying veteran

Tom comforts dying veteran

“He seems to know who he needs to spend time with.” said Ms.Hart. “Tom will sometimes spend hours with a dying Veteran, but then disappears for a time after the Veteran has finally passed. Afterwards he kind of goes into hibernation for hours,” she said. “He finds some corner and goes to sleep. I guess he’s just recharging.”
Not everyone on the hospice unit is a cat lover, however.
“We’ve had a few patients who’ve said, ‘I don’t want that cat in my room,’” Hart observed. “When that happens, we put a sign outside their door that says,

No Cat Zone.’

But of course, that’s the room Tom wants to go into all the time. He’s like, ‘I need to be in there. I’ll change their mind.’”cat at VA hospital
There’s no doubt Tom regards the entire hospice unit as his personal domain.
“He’s interested in everything that goes on here,” Hart said. “He even comes to our team meetings, which we have twice a week. Sometimes the door to the meeting room will be shut, and we’ll hear Tom scratching at the door. He’ll scratch until we let him in.”
Dorothy Rizzo, palliative care coordinator on the hospice unit, described Tom as a much-needed normalizing factor in an otherwise somber environment. “There’s something about the presence of an animal that has a calming effect,” she said. “Watching the cat or petting him takes you out of the sad moment you’re in. Animals, like babies, are life-affirming in a way. “It’s not that Tom’s an especially cuddly cat,” she added. “He’s not into cuddling, but he’ll curl up right beside you.”

Vet and cat napping

Salem VA Medical Center
Tom and vet napping

Tom holds no grudges against staff or family members who are simply not ‘cat’ people. He’ll never fail to use his special talents to assist you in your time of need, even if you don’t like him all that much.
“We had a Veteran here whose daughter did not like cats,” Rizzo said, “so when Tom came into the room she’d ignore him or shoo him away. One night she was here with her dad and stepped out of his room for a few minutes to take a break. Tom went out there after her, wrapped himself around her legs and meowed at her. That made her think she should maybe go back to her dad’s room and check on him, which she did just in time. Her father died moments later.”

Air Force Veteran Skip Wyman, who has been on the hospice unit for several weeks, eagerly looks forward to his daily visit from Tom.
“He was in my room yesterday for about two hours,” he beamed. “Then he walked out. I don’t know where he went. I haven’t seen him this morning yet. He’s around here somewhere.”

Dying vet with cat

Tom and his friend, Air Force Veteran Erwin ‘Skip’ Wyman, share a quiet moment together. PHOTO BY LAURA HART, SALEM VA

Wyman said Tom reminds him of a feline buddy he once hung around with.
“I call him Knothead because he reminds me of a cat I had when I was a younger man,” said the 79-year-old. “He’s the perfect picture of Knothead. They look just alike. And Knothead would sleep on my bed with me, just like Tom.”
One evening, after spending some time sleeping on Wyman’s bed, Tom abruptly jumped to the floor and headed for the door – he clearly had business to attend to elsewhere on the unit.
Wyman called after him. “I said, ‘Tom, are you going to bed?’ And he just kept walking out the door. So then I said, ‘Knothead, are you going to bed?’ And darned if that cat didn’t stop and just look at me.”
“He hasn’t been here to see me today yet,” he added. “I’m going to get the nurse to go look for him.”
Betty Gillespie, a psychologist who works on the hospice unit, said family members seem to need Tom more than the Veterans who are dying. “A lot of these Veterans are very stoic,” she observed. “These are men who fought in WW II, Korea and Vietnam. But the families often feel helpless,” she continued. “You’re watching your loved one die and you know you can’t save them. Sometimes you can’t even talk to them, or wake them up. All you can do is watch and wait. But Tom provides you with some comfort; he’s something for you to focus on. Because when a tabby cat casually walks into the room, it sends a message that everything is OK, everything is as it should be. Tom’s like a good piece of music,” she added. “He instantly connects with everyone in the room.”

keep up the good work, Tom.


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Can cats get diabetes?

Humans get diabetes, can cats?

The exact cause of feline diabetes isn’t known,  but when it comes to diabetes, cats aren’t that different from people. So, can cats get diabetes?
The disease affects insulin — a hormone that helps the body move sugar (glucose) from the bloodstream into the cells. Feline diabetes tends to closely resemble type 2 diabetes that humans get: the body makes insulin but becomes less sensitive to the hormone. Sugar builds up in the bloodstream, leading to symptoms like increased urination and thirst. According to Richard W. Nelson, DVM, DACVIM, professor of internal medicine at the University of California, Davis, School of Veterinary Medicine, cats aren’t designed to break down carbohydrates, like people are. That’s significant because cats in the wild are designed to hunt and eat meat, not carbs. However, domestic cats are fed less protein and more carbohydrates.

Three Major Causes of Diabetes in Cats

fact cat sits

  • usually affects overweight cats, because obesity makes the cat’s body less sensitive to the effects of insulin.
  • Diabetes is also more common in older cats.
  • Diseases like chronic pancreatitis and hyperthyroidism may make cats prone to developing diabetes
  • medications like corticosteroids may also make cats prone to develop diabetes.

The majority of cats in the U.S. are fed a caloric, high carbohydrate diet. Dry food is especially inappropriate nutrition for cats because it’s so high in carbs and deficient in high-quality protein. Cats don’t need grains like corn, wheat, rice, soy, millet or quinoa, (although there is dispute about the health benefits of grains). Meanwhile, turns out that grain-free dry foods also contribute to the obesity and diabetes epidemics in cats. Grain-free diets are not only high in calories but also contain high glycemic foods like potatoes, chickpeas, peas, or tapioca, which require a substantial insulin release from the body.

    Instead, try giving your cat portion controlled, moisture-rich, balanced, and species-appropriate diet consisting of high quality protein sources and healthy fats, and specific nutritional supplements as necessary: taurine, for example.
Cats need excercise

cats need excercise
photo by shari smith dunaif  © 2016

Cats, especially those who have an indoor lifestyle, often lead sedentary lives. If your cat lies around the house all day, his heart rate isn’t being elevated for the 20 minutes per day he needs to achieve good cardiovascular conditioning. Often cats exert anaerobic — short bursts of energy followed by long periods of rest. Anaerobic exercise won’t condition your cat’s heart or muscles, and doesn’t burn the calories he consumes.

A minimum of 20 minutes of daily aerobic exercise for your cat is highly recommended. Be creative with your cats: play with pingpong balls, feather wands or my guys love it when I hide little toy mice in our shoes or toss them. Play with your cats and you both can have fun.

Research connects autoimmune disorders to Type II diabetes in dogs, although currently there are few if any similar studies in cats, It’s reasonable to assume the same is true for cats. If your Cat has had any vaccines in the past, it’s very likely her immunity to those diseases will last a lifetime. Each time a fully immunized pet receives repetitive vaccines, it increases the risk of overstimulating the immune system. To find out If your cat has antibodies, find a veterinarian who does titer tests to measure antibody response from previous vaccinations. Titer results will tell you whether vaccination is necessary, and for which specific diseases.

Early diagnosis is always best, but often difficult with cats. If it’s diagnosed early and everyone in the cat’s life is committed to bringing the disease under control, it’s possible to normalize blood glucose levels and put the diabetes into remission — which means your kitty will no longer need to be on insulin or other medications. However, if your cat as been diabetic for a while, they may require insulin in addition to diet and lifestyle adjustments. What can happened to cats who have been diabetic for a long time is that the cells in the pancreas may be worn out and become unable to secrete insulin. In this case, your cat may require lifelong insulin therapy. If it’s left untreated, eventually diabetes can lead to life-threatening complications.

photo by shari smith dunaif 2014

photo by shari smith dunaif 2014

Frequent vet visits, and the cost of checkups, tests, medical procedures and insulin therapy add up fast. Pet insurance provider Trupanion reports that treatment for diabetes, including regular blood work and long-term medication, can cost in excess of $10,000 over the life of the cat.

    Dr. Tara Koble veterinary at The Cat Doctor Veterinary Hospital, in Boise, Idaho, says “The two best things any cat parent can help do to protect their cat from diabetes, would be to feed the highest quality canned, low-carb or raw diet that is possible. The second critical thing is to get your cat moving.”

With exercise, good nutrition, a healthy weight, and periodic visits to your vet, most cats, and people, can avoid diabetes. Oh, except the cat goes to the vet and the cat parent should go to a doctor. Meow.

pets.webmd.com


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Cat TV song

Joff Wilson performs Cat TV song

Cats do like TV, however, they’re very selective. Recently in New York City, Joff Wilson was giving Steve a guitar lesson, and somehow cat TV came up. Steve explained what cat TV is according to observations by My Kitty Care, then Joff spontaneously burst into “Cat TV” Steve joined in strumming – and that’s how Joff Wilson’s cat tv song happened.
so here’s the cat tv song, a catchy kitty tune inspired by cat tv and improvised by Joff.

“Cat TV” played by Joff and Steve: “Cat TV” on My Kitty Care youtube channel.

 

cat watching cat TV - cat tv song

cat watching Cat TV                                                                                                                                     photo by shari smith dunaif ©2016

 

 

 

 

 


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Is milk good for cats?

cats love milk, right?

Does Toby like milk? photo by shari smith dunaif © 2016

Does Toby like milk?
photo by shari smith dunaif © 2016

Adorable pictures of cats bent over saucers of milk, gleefully lapping it up are part of our image of cats – but, is milk good for cats?

myth about cats and milk

myth about cats and milk

Some cats may like milk, and may indeed gleefully lap it up, but should they? Milk is good for kittens: all baby mammals need and like milk. They’re born able to digest lactose, which is also referred to as milk sugar. For kittens, lactose is a useful source of energy for playful kitties. But after they’re weaned, cats can not digest lactose because lactase, the enzyme that enables kittens to digest milk ceases to be produced by the pancreas. That’s why adult cats become intolerant to milk. In the wild, once a kitten no longer survives on it’s mother’s milk, their diet is that of a carnivore.

cat and saucer of milk

photo by shari smith dunaif © 2016

    When a lactose-intolerant cat drinks milk, the undigested lactose passes through the intestinal tract, drawing water with it, according to the Cornell University College of Veterinary Medicine. Bacteria in the colon also ferments the undigested sugars, producing volatile fatty acids.
  • The most common symptom of lactose intolerance in cats is diarrhea, usually within eight to 12 hours, says Susan G. Wynn, DVM, CVA, CVCH, an animal nutritionist in Atlanta and co-author of the Manual of Natural Veterinary Medicine. Secondary symptom may include vomiting.
  • “Just like people, cats can be lactose intolerant. And although we tend to think that’s a problem, it’s actually completely normal” says Linda P. Case, MS, adjunct assistant professor at the University of Illinois College of Veterinary Medicine and author of The Cat: Its Behavior, Nutrition, and Health.

Cream contains less lactose than milk. Regular whole milk contains on average 4.8% lactose – whereas whipping cream has only 2.9%. Dairy products like yogurt and cottage cheese may be tolerated by cats because they contain natural bacteria that break down the lactose. Hard cheeses usually contain more fat and less carbohydrates, which means less lactose. Carnivore that cats are, some have a little gourmand in them, and might really like some cheeses. Skip the wine.

knowyourcat.info

sciencefocus.com

pets.webmd.com


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new Beatrix Potter Kitty-in-Boots tale

new Kitty-in-Boots tale

Beatrix Potter’s unpublished manuscript was found two years ago by Jo Hanks, who works for the publishing company Penguin Random House, (Children’s department) London. The manuscript is a new Beatrix Potter Kitty-in-Boots tale.
Ms Hanks came across the story of Kitty-in-Boots by chance in 2013 after reading an out-of-print biography of Potter (which may have been Beatrix Potter: A Life in Nature, by Linda Lear). It mentioned a letter Ms. Potter sent to her publisher in 1914, in which she described Kitty-in-Boots adventures, a tale about a “well-behaved prime black Kitty cat, who leads rather a double life” as a crime-fighter.

Kitty-in-Boots by Beatrix Potter

Kitty-in-Boots by Beatrix Potter

But the story was put aside because of various interruptions: the outbreak of World War I; her marriage; illness and a growing interest in farming — which resulted in an unfinished book.

Ms Hunt checked the archives of the Victoria and Albert Museum in London and found three unedited manuscripts of the story, two in children’s school notebooks and one typed, along with a rough sketch of Kitty-in-Boots and the villainous fox Mr Tod. The tale includes Peter Rabbit, one of Potter’s most famous characters, and another Potter favourite, Mrs Tiggy-Winkle.
“The tale really is the best of Beatrix Potter. It has double identities, colourful villains and a number of favourite characters from other tales – most excitingly, Peter Rabbit makes an appearance, albeit older, slower and portlier,” Ms Hanks told The Bookseller.

this is what kitty-in-boots looks like

this is what kitty-in-boots looks like

The Illustrations by Sir Quentin Blake. He was chosen because “he understands the rebelliousness of animal characters and doesn’t patronise children, which was one of Potter’s bugbears”, Ms Hunt said. Sir Blake also illustrated Roald Dahl’s children’s books.

Helen Mirren, British actress

Helen Mirren, British actress

The voice in the audiobook version by Dame Helen Mirren, her first audiobook recording. Scheduled release is September, 2016. The book publisher is Frederick Warne & Co, Potter’s original publisher (part of Penguin Random House Children’s). Expected release also in September, 2016. Both coincide with Beatrix’s Potter 150th anniversary of the year of her birth.

younger portrait Beatrix Potter
Born: July 28, 1866, Kensington, London, United Kingdom
Died: December 22, 1943, Near and Far Sawrey, United Kingdom

 

 


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what is a prime cat?

Stages of a cat’s life

I’d never heard of a prime cat until I read about Beatrix Potters new tale about “a prime cat”, so what is a prime cat? A prime cat is a stage of a cat’s life. It is the transition of your cat becoming an adult, which is between 3 to 6 years old, because it is considered the prime of your cat’s life. So if your cat is between 3 – 6 years old, your cat is a prime cat. During the prime stage, your cat’s personality is established, as are bad habits. So, if your cat is marking, not using kitty litter (after medical reasons are ruled out), are aggessive,  things like that, address them as soon as possible, otherwise these behaviors will be ingrained.

prime cat

Marnie is almost 4 years old
photo by shari smith dunaif © 2016

Prime cats continue to be playful. They retain some of their kittinish curiosity and energy, yet since they are adults, they can also gain a little weight. Just like us, they need a nutritious diet and plenty of exercise. Playing with you cat is the best way to provide the exercise they need: it’s good for your cat,and fun for you.

playful prime cat

playful prime cat
photo by shari smith dunaif © 2016

 

 


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how to interpret cat food labels

Do you read cat food labels?

OK, so even if you do, what do they mean?
Unless you’re preparing homemade cat food, understanding what your cat is really eating requires learning how to interpret cat food labels. So My Kitty Care researched the language of cat food manufacturers.

FDA Regulation of Pet Food
There is no requirement that pet food products have pre-market approval by the FDA. However, FDA ensures that the ingredients used in pet food are safe and have an appropriate function in the pet food. Pet food labeling is regulated at two levels. The current FDA regulations require proper identification of the product, net quantity statement, name and place of business of the manufacturer or distributor, and proper listing of all the ingredients in the product in order from most to least, based on weight. Some states also enforce their own labeling regulations.

How to interpret cat food labels?

How to interpret cat food labels?
photo by shari smith dunaif ©2016

 

The ingredient list must be printed in order of quantity. If “chicken” is the first ingredient,  “ground yellow corn” is the second, and “corn gluten meal” the third, it means, based on weight, there’s more chicken than ground yellow corn, and more ground yellow corn than corn gluten meal. OK, that makes sense, as long as we notice that the manufacturers use weight not amount to quantify their ingredients. Now, here’s another tricky part: the wording of how ingredients are presented as names on cat food labels.

cat food names

cat food names
photo by shari smith dunaif ©2016

chicken cat food label

chicken label cat food
photo by shari smith dunaif ©2016

    • If the cat food is named with the meat ingredient in the name, then the product must have at least 95% of that meat. “Beef Cat Food,” for example, means there is 95% beef in the product.
    • If the cat food says “dinner,” “entree,” “platter,” or “formula,” the ingredient named must have at least 25% of the product. So, if your cat is having Chicken entree, only 25% of the food is chicken.  If there is a combination of meats, such as “Chicken and Fish Entree,” there must be a combined 25% of both meats, but more chicken than fish, because chicken is listed first.
    • If the word “with” is on the label, there’s yet another rule. The amount of meat named only has to be 3%. For example, “Cat food with Beef” means there only has to be 3% of beef in the product.
    • The word “flavor” added to the name has the least amount of meat. For these products, only a detectable amount of meat needs to be present to use it in the name of the product. “Beef Flavored Cat Food,” becomes a food that is very low in beef, but which tastes and smells like beef because of the addition of meat broths.

By the way, comparing “chicken” with “chicken meal” isn’t as different as you’d think. “Chicken” on a cat food label doesn’t mean chicken breast, and turns out it’s similar to Chicken meal (combination of flesh, skin and possibly bone, with no feathers, heads, feet or intestines). The difference is “chicken” came to the manufacturer as wet meat. A reputable food company will screen their chicken by-product and chicken meal and only accept those ingredients that are high quality. By measuring the ash content they can determine if there is too much bone in the product which can affect the calcium and phosphorus levels of the food. Most reputable food companies will want a particular level of protein to be present in the product which means that there needs to be much more meat than bone.

 By-Products, Fillers, and Splitting

I thought “by-product” meant only the part of the animal that people won’t eat, but discarded because it’s garbage. By-product can include lungs, spleen, kidneys, brain, livers, blood, bone, stomachs, and intestines of meat animals, and the necks, feet, undeveloped eggs, and intestines from poultry. In many cases, although kind of gross by human standards, cats in the wild may eat this stuff anyway, and it’s high in nutritional value. By-products do not include hair, horns, teeth, or hoofs.

cat food labels

cat food labels
photo by shari smith dunaif ©2016

Fillers on the other hand, are not only used to replace higher quality ingredients, they may also be biologically inappropriate for your cat and may lead to obesity and high blood sugar. Cat food should have minimal filler in their food: cats need mostly protein, so be selective. Some companies use rice and/or corn as fillers. Small amounts of corn and rice can be good for your cat: it provides some fiber, and energy, as carbohydrates. The trick is knowing the good fillers from the bad fillers. Bad fillers are obvious: corn syrup, and MSG (monosodium glutamate). This goes back to reading the ingredients list. Make sure your cat only gets small amounts of corn/rice otherwise they could become malnourished if they eat so much corn or rice, they become too full for dinner – it’s like snacking but not having a proper dinner, which means mostly meat. Remember to read labels, in this case, looking for fillers to be low on the list to minimize the amount your cat consumes.

Splitting is used when the same ingredient is listed in several guises within the first five ingredients, so you’ll think you’re getting more (or less) of that ingredient than you really believe you are. For example, a cat food may have fish broth as the first ingredient, corn gluten meal as the second, fish as the third, and animal fat preserved with ground yellow corn as the fourth. It looks as if fish is a big part of the food, but this is a corn-based product.

what does the analysis mean?

All pet foods are required to meet minimum standards for protein, fiber, fat, and moisture. These minimums are based on an “as fed” basis and include the moisture used for processing. For dry foods, dry matter percentages can be calculated by taking 100 percent minus the amount of moisture in the food (10 percent on average) and dividing the percentage listed by the percentage of dry matter.

iams dry cat food ingredients

dry cat food ingredients
photo by shari smith dunaif©2016

For example, a dry food with 10 percent moisture is: 100 – 10 percent moisture = 90 percent dry matter. Taking 20 percent protein and dividing it by 90 gives you 22 percent protein on a dry matter basis. You can also use this formula to calculate the amount of fiber and fat in the food.

Other information on the labels
The Association of American Feed Control Officials (AAFCO) requires all foods to meet standards for nutritional adequacy. That’s how a product is labeled as complete and balanced. The label should also tell you which life stage the food is meant for, such as growth stages for young pets, adults, or senior stage.

cat eats commercial canned cat food

Toby dining on commercial canned cat food
photo by shari smith dunaif ©2015

In conclusion

The cat food package will list the companies that manufacture the food and distribute it. Most companies will list an address or phone number so that you can contact them in case of problems, questions or complaints.

There are inconsistencies: some say never give your cat corn, rice or any starch, although some experts suggest a little rice or corn may actually be good for your cat. One thing is consistent: the more expensive, higher quality cat food buys better quality ingredients. A way to think about the expense of better cat food is that the more money we spend on healthier food, the less we’ll spend at the vet. I hope. So using a little common sense, and enough knowledge, based on the premise that cats’ diet is primarily protein, preferably meat, we can keep our guys healthy and happy.

The Association of Animal Feed Control Officials provides a detailed explaination of pet food manufacturers terms and use on pet food labels

for more information about corn in cat food, read this summary of an article specifically about corn in cat food. Quite informative.

fda.gov

askavetquestion.com


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About Australian Mist cats

About Australian Mist cats

Australian MIst cats are medium size, short haired cats. They were developed in the 1970’s by Australian Dr. Truda Straede. The breed is Australia’s first pedigree cat. The name was changed from “Spotted Mist” to “Australian Mist” in 1998, when cats with marbled coats, rather than spots, were accepted as part of the breed.

Dr. Truda Straede

Dr. Truda Straede with an early Australian spotted cat.

They sport six different beautiful misted color types: warm brown, chocolate, lilac, peach, gold or blue. Also, they can have either of two patterns, spotted or marbled.

spotted pattern Australian mist cat

spotted pattern on an Australian mist cat

marbled pattern Australian mist cat

marbled pattern on an Australian mist cat

Their coat is very short and lacks an undercoat, so they don’t require much brushing. Their fur has three aspects: the ground color, which is paler than the pattern; the pattern; and third, the appearance of wearing a misted veil, caused by random ticking in the solid color areas. The legs and tail are ringed or barred, and the face and neck also have colored  lines.

Burmese cat breed

Burmese cat

 

The Australian Mist was crossed with the loving personality of Burmese, which are typically 8-12 lbs,

 

 

Abyssinian breed cat

Abyssinian cat

 

with the intelligent Abyssinian, which have short-hair, and weigh 6-10 lbs. Abyssinians are known for having large ears.

 

 

 

 

 

Dr. Straede added the Australian domestic short-haired tabby, known for their vigor.
Domestic shorthair tabby

 

 

 

 

 

 

Australian Mists have a round head and large eyes. Australian mist cat eyes Their life expectancy is 15-18 years.

 

 

 

 

Dr. Trudeau Straede describes the standard appearance for Australian Mist cats

Temperament

Australian Mists are tolerant of handling and are not inclined to scratch; they usually make wonderful indoor pets. Neutered/spayed Australian Mist cats fit in comfortably with dogs and other cats. As kittens they are lively, mellow when mature. Some Australian Mists can be trained to go for walks on a leash.

Distribution

As a relatively new breed, most Australian Mist catteries are still in Australia; however, there are a few in the UK, and some neutered/spayed cats have been introduced to America and several other countries. Two pregnant queens arrived in the UK in February 2007. In August 2007, they, another unrelated queen, and an imported mature male stud boy, created a colony of over 100 cats within two years. Six more cats were imported to the UK from Australia, with the intent to widen the gene pool and offer healthy and genetically-sound kittens to pet buyers within the UK and the US. Breeding cats have been sent to Norway where two breeders are currently working to get them recognised by FIFE.

Australian mist cat winner

Breed status

The Australian Mist breed is accepted for championship status by the World Cat Federation. It gained preliminary recognition with the UK’s Governing Council of the Cat Fancy (GCCF) in October 2011. They were accepted for championship status in TICA (The International Cat Association) In May, 2014. The Australian Mist celebrated 20 years as a championship breed in Australia in 2006.
They are easy to show, as they enjoy the attention. They frequently win Best in Show and Top 10 in Show awards and the breed has a number of Diamond Double Grand Champions and quite a few Nationally Titled Cats. In recent years they have won the coveted All Breeds Supreme in Show awards many times.

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Australian Mist breed council

Australian Mist Cat Society

cats.petbreeds.com

Tica.org

ayudamistaustralianmist.com


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animal shelter nurse kitty

Polish animal shelter nurse kitty

All animal shelters need all kinds of help, but how does a cat help an animal shelter? Meet Radamenes, the animal shelter nurse kitty.

When Radamenes, was brought to the animal shelter in Bydgoszcz, Poland, he had such a serious respiratory infection, the people who rescued him and brought him to the shelter didn’t expect him to survive.

Radamenes nurse kitty

Radamenes the nurse kitty

But when the vets heard him purr, they decided to save him

Vet with Radamenes the nurse kitty
When Radamenes miraculously got better, they were surprised to see him start hugging and cleaning other animals

kitty nurse at Polish animal shelter

Radamenes nursing at animal shelter

nursing cat at shelter

nurse cat could mores animal

He is especially attentive with animals that have had serious operationsnurse kitty with sick dog

The vets at the shelter jokingly say Radamenes is a full-time nurse, but to the rest of us cat lovers, he’s a special nurse kitty.

thanks Josie, Australia


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